During the era of interstate highway construction, and the resulting demographic shift from city to suburb, municipalities worked to provide auto access to their downtowns, hoping this access would support economic growth. However, mounting evidence shows that this came at the expense of the very economic vibrancy cities sought and does not help reduce roadway congestion. Costs associated with accommodating cars, particularly for parking, are outweighed by the long-term economic costs.
Decentralized by design: When should we consider ditching exclusive radial bus routes?
In the past, development and commute patterns required transit to bring commuters into densely developed central cities. Dispersal of residential and employment destinations has made serving choice transit riders while still maintaining urban core service a tricky balancing act. How can transit agencies best serve both suburban and urban needs?