Equity is a commonly raised public acceptance concern regarding MBUFs. The research finds that a flat-rate MBUF would be no more or less regressive than fuel taxes, now or in the future. The findings are significant because they suggest that equity considerations based on ability to pay will not be a significant reason to oppose or support the adoption of MBUFs. Further, it is possible to structure an MBUF that provides incentives for fuel efficiency while maintaining other favorable qualities of MBUFs such as their economic efficiency and fiscal sustainability.
Wisconsin is the most recent state to consider a mileage-based user fee. Although other states have considered such fees, none has yet been implemented. Although the political climate is hostile to additional taxes, many states are realizing that they have little choice but to find new revenues for their transportation systems.
Results of a study to assess if and how urban form variables correlate with travel behavior changes that participants made in response to the mileage-based fee program. Download the full report.
This report evaluates and measures the administrative, collection, and enforcement costs associated with five revenue-generating policies: fuel tax, tolling, VMT fees, congestion pricing, and parking fees. Download the full report here.